Type 2 diabetes affects millions of people in the UK yet the true number of people living with the condition is far higher than the official statistics. That’s because many people currently have the condition without knowing it. Type 2 diabetes does not present acute changes until blood sugar levels rise to a dangerous level.
When blood sugar levels are consistently too high, it can damage the nerves, this often felt first in the extremities.
This process is known as neuropathy and it often starts in the feet.
According to the Mayo Clinic, burning, tingling, weakness or pain in your feet that interferes with daily activities can indicate blood sugar damage.
Other warning signs include:
- Bone and joint pain.
READ MORE: Diabetes type 2: The eight symptoms you should ‘always contact your GP’ about – key signs
Keeping your blood sugar within target will also help prevent damage to your feet and can stop things getting worse.
One of the most effective ways to lower your blood sugar levels is to overhaul your diet.
Carbohydrates are broken down into blood glucose faster than other food groups. This can cause blood sugar levels to soar.
To help you avoid the worst culprits, you should refer to the glycaemic index (GI).
- Some fruit and vegetables
- Whole grain foods, such as porridge oats.
Some low GI foods, such as wholegrain foods, fruit, vegetables, beans and lentils, are foods we should eat as part of a healthy, balanced diet.
“If you only eat foods with a low GI, your diet may be unbalanced and high in fat,” adds the NHS.
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